Are you a landlord wondering how financial planning will work for your business?
Investing in rental properties can provide a steady income stream along with the potential for long-term financial success. However, being a landlord comes with its own set of challenges and responsibilities. It requires careful financial planning and strategic decision-making to ensure the profitability and sustainability of your rental property business.
Financial planning for landlords
We’ve listed some important considerations to help you succeed in long-term property renting. Establish a vision for your property business and define achievable financial objectives. You can develop a comprehensive budget to effectively manage income, expenses, and cash flow, ensuring profitability. Read on to secure your long-term success in the ever-evolving real estate market.
Recognize that real estate investments are not just passive assets
As a landlord, you run a business in its own right. Whether you own rental properties directly or through a structure like a Limited Liability Company (LLC), treating your rental property operations as a separate business is vital for several reasons. Just as you have separate landlord insurance from your private insurance, your approach to finance should follow suit.
Understand real estate is both an investment and a business. This allows you to view your rental property with a business-oriented mindset. Instead of considering it solely as a piece of property, you begin to recognize it as a revenue-generating entity. However, this requires strategic decision-making and active management.
Like any business, you must assess your income, expenses, and profitability. This approach enables you to determine the true financial viability of your rental property and make informed decisions to enhance its performance. Doing this also provides a clearer picture of your tax obligations. Tax preparation becomes significantly streamlined by maintaining proper financial records and separating your rental income and expenses from personal finances.
Track your numbers effectively
Create a comprehensive cash flow budget for your rental property and update it regularly to ensure accurate financial management. We recommend developing a detailed spending plan for your property that encompasses income and expenses. This allows you to gain a comprehensive overview of your property’s financial performance.
The two key components of your rental property budget will be:
- Income: Begin by considering all potential sources of income related to your rental property. This includes rent, security deposits, pet cleaning fees, application fees, and other revenue streams specific to your property. Although somewhat predictable, rental income should be carefully monitored to ensure consistency and timely tenant payments.
- Expenses: Projecting and categorizing your expenses is where the budgeting process truly becomes valuable. Consider all potential expenses related to your rental property. This includes projected vacancies, mortgage, insurance, maintenance, utilities, taxes, management fees, marketing, landscaping, and more.
Important note: New landlords should avoid assuming their property will be profitable mortgage, interest, and taxes are covered by rent. Overlooking other essential expenses can quickly erode potential profits.
Don’t forget to track your time!
Understand the distinction between passive and active involvement in your rental property operations. This can significantly affect your tax obligations and potential deductions.
The IRS defines passive income as income derived from passive activities, including rental properties. It states that losses that exceed the income from passive activities for the current year are disallowed, but they can be carried forward to future taxable years. If your rental property generates losses, you may not be able to deduct those losses against other forms of income in the current year but can offset them against future rental income.
While rental real estate is generally treated as passive income, it offers certain advantages over other types of small businesses. One significant advantage is that rental income is not subject to self-employment tax. This can be beneficial for rental property investors who earn a profit and actively engage in the rental business on a regular and continuous basis.
For rental property owners who are actively involved in their rental business and meet the criteria of working regularly and continuously, there may be an opportunity to treat their real estate business as an active business. Treating real estate income as business income opens the possibility of qualifying for the Qualified Business Income Deduction. This pass-through income tax deduction gives eligible individuals a 20% deduction of their net rental income through tax year 2025.
Make use of all-in-one property management software for landlords
Financial planning for landlords can be difficult but property management software can help. Screen tenants, collect rent, and manage repairs—all with technology.
RentRedi provides high-quality, innovative tech that delivers everything landlords need to ensure that managing their rentals is easy. Plus, our team is here to provide world-class support and more money in your pocket.
About the Author
Luke Carlino is a freelance writer and social media manager from Melbourne, Australia. He has years of experience writing across a range of topics and also happens to be a Googleable musician.